Main Article Content

Iriani Reka Septiana
Rima Daniar
Dilia Puspa
Nurul Nurul Kholidah


The boiler is equipment widely used in various industrial sectors such as power plants, fertilizer plants, paper mills, and others. The combustion chamber is an important part of the boiler which can determine the quality of the steam product. The main problem has happened in combustion chambers such as unburned hydrocarbon/carbon loss which is called fouling. Fouling has occurred in many boilers, which use coal or oil as fuel for the production of steam and decreases boiler performance. The purpose of this research is to increase temperature by adding steam injection to reduce fouling to compare with and without steam injection. Two indicators that have the potential to enhance heat transfer are the elevation in temperature and the reduction in fouling percentage. The variables in this research were air flow of 15 L/min, 17,5 L/min, and 20 L/min and steam injection pressure of 2 bars, 3 bars, and 4 bars. The maximum temperature enhancement was 37,5% in 15 L/min of air flow at a steam injection pressure of 2 bars and 3 bars. The maximum fouling abatement was 78,57% in 15 L/min at a steam injection pressure of 4 bars.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Septiana, I. R., Daniar, R., Puspa, D., & Nurul Kholidah , N. (2023). THE ENHANCEMENT OF TEMPERATURE IN BOILER BY STEAM INJECTION. AUSTENIT, 15(2), 103–108.


Awad, M. M., El-Wahab, I. A., & Gad, H. (2007). Effect of surface temperature on the fouling of heat transfer surfaces. surfaces, page. 21, 23-39.

Azharuddin, dkk. Rancang Bangun Alat Boiler Kondensor.2013. Austenit.Vol. 5. No..3

Bustan, M. D. (2007). Effects of Steam Injection Flow in Burner and Outside Water Tube to the Increasing of Boiler Temperature. ASEAN Journal of Chemical Engineering, 7(2), 120-126. Retrieved from

Eaton, M. A. (2007, January). Analysis of boiler fouling and boiler cleaning methods at the commerce refuse-to-energy facility. In North American Waste-to-Energy Conference (Vol. 47896, pp. 119-126).

Ganaphathy, V. 2003.”Industrial Boiler and Heat Recovery Steam Generators: Design, Application, and calculations”. Marcell Dekker Inc. New York.

Hare, N. M. G. R., Rasul, M. G., & Moazzem, S. (2010, February). A review on boiler deposition/foulage prevention and removal techniques for power plant. In Recent Advances in Energy and Environment. Proceedings of the 5th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Energy & Enviroment (EE'10) (Vol. 23, p. 25).

Ibrahim, Hassan Al Haj. 2012. “Chapter 3 : Fouling in Heat Exchanger”. INTECH

Kayadelen, H. K., & Ust, Y. (2014). Performance and environment as objectives in multi-criterion optimization of steam injected gas turbine cycles. Applied Thermal Engineering, 71(1), 184-196.

Kayadelen, H. K., & Ust, Y. (2013). Prediction of equilibrium products and thermodynamic properties in H2O injected combustion for CαHβOγNδ type fuels. Fuel, 113,389-401.

Kern, Donald. Q. 1965. "Process Heat Transfer", New York : Mc Graw-Hill Book Company.

Lee, C. E., & Kim, D. H. (2020). Heat recovery boilers with water spray. Part I: Thermodynamic analysis validation and boiler practicality. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, 18, 100491.

Most read articles by the same author(s)