PENGARUH LIMBAH CANGKANG KELAPA SAWIT TERHADAP KUAT TEKAN DAN BERAT BETON

Raja Marpaung, Lina Flaviana Tilik

Abstract


Concrete as a building material favored by many experts in the field of structure, because it is easily formed, prepared and executed, and mixtures of materials are easy to obtain. However, conventional concrete still shows many weaknesses, including structure components which is relatively heavy, and  relatively not too high in strength (when compared to steel). For that reason, research  and innovation of materials are required  to obtain a concrete mixture able to  produce concrete that is lightweight but high strength.
Material innovation  is done by  using  lightweight aggregate as coarse aggregate substitute in the form of oil palm shell waste which still untapped  by industries  This was chosen as the waste oil palm shells as aggregate qualify mild violence and have a good and not easily damaged in the concrete.

The study was conducted to determine and compare the value of compressive strength, tensile strength and heavy volume concrete produced from a mixture of concrete with substitution of oil palm shells with coarse aggregate with a variation of 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50%. Quality concrete planned in this study is  K-250.

The test result shows  that the oil palm shell concrete mixed, results  compressive strength, tensile strength of concrete is lower and lighter weight concrete, the more the percentage of oil palm shells is substituted  with coarse aggregate, the more decline the compressive strength, tensile strength of concrete will be, but  weight concrete is also lighter. Percentage reduction in compressive strength of the smallest obtained in a mixture of oil palm shell concrete  + 28 days is 29.31% - 69.39%., The  decrease percentage  in tensile strength is obtained in a mixture of oil palm shell concrete age of 28 days which is  30.55 % - 99.66%., and the percentage reduction  of weight concrete mixture obtained in  most large oil palm shell concrete + 28 days is 1.70% - 23.03 %.The biggest ratio of ft / fc is obtained  on OPS concrete mixture of 28 days which is  11.69% in the variation OPS 10%, whereas in the OPS mixture of 40% and 50% ratio ft / fc' is very small.


Keywords


Weight Concrete, Shell Oil Palm, strength

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